- November 24, 2020
- Posted by: cdashospital
- Category: Eye Care
How Diabetes Can Affect Our Eyes
Diabetes is basically a disease that leads when the level of sugar is too high in the blood. As the blood source is the main source of energy that comes directly from the food which you eat. Insulin which is a hormone prepared by the pancreas helps the glucose from food get into the cells to be used for energy. Diabetes has also some types which create problems in the human body. Common types of Diabetes derived as Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 1 : happens when the body does not create insulin. The immune system damages the rest cells in the pancreas through which insulin gets prepared. It is usually found in kids and young adults as it can happen at any age. In Type 1 Diabetes a person needs to have insulin on daily basis just to stay alive.
Type 2 : is the most common type of Diabetes. It can happen at any age, the reason is when the body is not making insulin properly. Moreover, it also affects the middle-aged and old age people or any age.
Gestational Diabetes happens mostly in Pregnant women till the birth of the baby. But it has a greater chance to suffer from type 2 after the birth of the baby or the late future in life. It is basically derived as type 2 but first affects pregnant women.
Diabetes can affect Health which leads to many Health Problems like Heart Disease, Stroke, Kidney Disease, Eye Problems, Risk of getting damage to nerves, etc. There is the Best Treatment For Diabetes In India.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetic Eye Disease is a group of eye problems that can majorly affect a human with Diabetes. Conditions like Diabetic Retinopathy, Cataract, Glaucoma, and Macular edema. Diabetes can lead to damage to the eyes which can lead to poor vision or sometimes vision loss. To protect the eyes from this suffering, some conditions need to concentrate on is to :
- Get a balance in managing blood glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol.
- There is a high risk of someone smoke having diabetes, try not to smoke.
- Try to get the eye exams attended at least once a year
How Diabetes Affect Eyes
Diabetes in the eye is possible when the level of sugar in the blood is high. It results in blurry vision through the eyes for days or weeks or helps in changing the medicine dose on daily basis. High glucose can change the fluid level which mainly causes swelling in the tissues of the eyes which helps in focussing or causing blurry vision until the level of glucose gets normal.
If the level of blood glucose stays high over time, it results in destroying the blood vessels in the back part of the eyes. This sign can bring damage during prediabetes when the level of glucose is higher than normal, but not so high to diagnose with diabetes. Damaged signs in the commencement of diabetes which may leak fluid and cause swelling in the eyes. In case it is severe Diabetes Hospital (CDAS Hospital)and their experts may help. Weak blood vessels may also begin to grow which, moreover can create bleeding in the middle part of the eye, lead to scarring and cause dangerous high pressure inside the eyes. Most of the diabetic eye disease starts from the beginning of blood vessels problem.
The main four eye disease that can threaten the eye sights are :
- Diabetic Retinopathy – The retina is the inner lining at the back of each eye. It senses light and turns into the signals of brain decodes which helps a person to see. Damaged blood vessels can harm the retina and cause Diabetic retinopathy.
- Glaucoma – A glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve which connects the eye directly to the brain. Diabetes double the chances of having glaucoma which results in the vision loss and blindness. It is better to get the best treatment for Diabetes.
- Diabetic Macular Edema – The part of the retina which is the main part that helps in reading, driving, watching, seeing faces defined as the macula. Diabetes affects the macula and leads to swelling in the macula that is why this disease is known as Diabetic Macular Edema. It damages the sharp vision leading to partial vision loss or blindness. Macular edema usually develops in people who already have signs and risks of suffering from Diabetes.
- Cataract – The lenses inserted in the eyes are the clear structure which helps in providing the perfect vision, but they tend to become cloudy. People with diabetes are likely to develop cataracts at a very early age than people without any symptoms of diabetes. According to recent researches High glucose level can cause deposits in building up the lenses of the eyes.